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故宫游览 forbidden city tour

本文摘要:attach English below 故宫疫情之前是天天8万人的限流。今年相对贫苦,天天限流5000人,需要在微故宫民众号提前买票,到了还要出示康健宝等等,比以前要繁琐一些,可是今年是故宫600年,还是值得去看的。 根据观光的方式说一说: 明朝始建之初,国都定在南京。厥后燕王朱棣篡位后才迁都北京。故宫的修建时间是从1406年到1420年,1421年才开始正式使用。 而由于朱棣是篡位,不管预言也好,诅咒也好,都说他会遭到天谴。

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attach English below  故宫疫情之前是天天8万人的限流。今年相对贫苦,天天限流5000人,需要在微故宫民众号提前买票,到了还要出示康健宝等等,比以前要繁琐一些,可是今年是故宫600年,还是值得去看的。

  根据观光的方式说一说:  明朝始建之初,国都定在南京。厥后燕王朱棣篡位后才迁都北京。故宫的修建时间是从1406年到1420年,1421年才开始正式使用。

而由于朱棣是篡位,不管预言也好,诅咒也好,都说他会遭到天谴。于是紫禁城的最主要的大殿奉天殿不到百日便被雷劈了。  今后之后。朱棣再也没有敢修建大殿。

而是用前面的奉天门处置惩罚政务,就是厥后传承百年的御门听政。其实后面的明代天子已经不是篡位的天子了,可是他们依旧不敢改传统。到了清朝,他们也沿用了这个习惯,不知道是不是因为他们自己也以为自己是篡位的呢。

  故宫不是种花最大的宫殿,可是是现在海内生存最完好的宫殿。在世界修建史上,中国木修建结构有很是重要的职位,是一支重要的修建源流。而紫禁城可以说是中国最大的木修建博物馆了。

  故宫从南到北960米长,从东到西750米长,占地72公顷。外面还围绕着52米宽的护城河。4个角楼上日夜有武功妙手值班,可以说是坚如盘石。  其时故宫征用了100万民夫,10万工匠。

用的质料集全国之英华。  传说故宫有9999间半房,那半间房在哪呢?说是在天一阁的楼梯间,其实不是,故宫其实是有8000多间衡宇。而且这8000多间跟现在的算法还不太一样,因为古代四柱为一间。

就拿太和殿来说,现在我们以为他就是一间大房。古代会说它面阔十一间,进深5间,一共55间。  太和殿,称金銮殿。高27米,加上下面的台阶,一共是35米,是故宫最高修建,全国最高规格的宫殿,重檐庑殿顶。

明代的时候还在太和殿廊庑举行过殿试。  现在的这个太和殿是在清代的时候重建的。康熙十八年,1679年的时候,太和殿被烧毁(这年也发生了大地震)。

可是直到1695年才重建,1697年完工。总之这个品级最高的大殿,从始建之初就不停的被雷劈被火烧,履历了重建再重建,而规模却越变越小,其中很大的一个原因是很难找到那么大那么好的金丝楠木。

  再往后走是中和殿,天子在上大朝之前会在这里休息,小天子还会在礼部大臣的指导下举行彩排。皇家的玉牒每10年会在这里重新修订。  再往后是保和殿。

清代举行殿试的地方。  就是封建社会最高级的科举考试,属于国家大典。天子亲自监考,所以考生可以自称为天子门生。

通常天子会问一些如何牢固皇权根,治理国家的政策方法。对儒家思想。到了殿试就不再有淘汰。

只是天子会重新定一下名次。这里另有一个重要的用途,就是宴会,西方人爱举行party,跳舞唱歌,而我们中国人一般都是喝酒吃肉。

  清代的时候,公主出嫁在这里宴请驸马,除夕的时候,宴请蒙藏大臣。  根据前朝后寝的规制,过了保和殿,就有一座高墙,拦住了外臣。

之后就是天子的私人领地了。  乾清宫也是重建的,明代的时候它是两层的飞楼,一共九间卧室。现存这个是清代嘉庆二年1797年烧毁后重建的,由于其时楠木很是难过,所以他们拆除了山东的一座破庙。这个梗大家有没有想起铁齿铜牙纪晓岚天子把自己发配的那一段?没错宫殿经常着火被雷劈,他们只能拆东墙补西墙,随处偷木头。

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  乾清宫后面是交泰殿,交泰殿是紫禁城的一个穴点。这里的风水很是好,是紫禁城的中心。再之后就是明代皇后的寝宫坤宁宫。

凡遇元旦,千秋(皇后生日)等重大节日,皇后在这里接受朝贺。  而且已往皇后作为第一夫人,还要到场一些仪式。去先蚕坛之前要在这里准备仪式,祭祀蚕神。

  坤宁宫,在明代是寝宫。  到了清代,这里主要是有两个功效,西边是祭神场所,萨满跳大神儿的地方。

祭祀的时候会有一个萨满女巫在这里杀猪。祭神跳大绳场景可以说是十分的恐怖,血腥,有猪的惨啼声以及血腥味儿,然而东暖阁却又是一个很是吉祥的大婚之所。

婚房和杀猪的地方在一起,可以说是一个很是奇怪的组合了。  未完待续。

  The forbid and city is located in the center of Beijing.It’s a former inperial palace for the ming and the qing dynasties.  Large scale construction of the Forbidden city started in 1406,completed in 1420.Altogether 24 emperors of ming and qing live here.  It’s a best preserved palace in China.Cover an area of 72 hectares. 960 Meters long from North to south.750 Meters. Wide from east to west with the 10 meters high city wall surrounded and circled by 52 meter wide moat.  Talking about the room and building in the Forbidden city.,The popular saying is that there are 9999 and a half in the Forbidden city.Actually they are 980 building with the rooms of 8704.  The forbidden city can be divided into two parts, the outer court and the inner palace. front court and rear palace.  meridian gate午门  There are four gates in the each side of the forbidden city.meridian gate is the main entrance to the forbidden city,and also the south gate.  Its first building 1420,35.6 Meters high with 5 towers on the Top. So also named as the five Phoenix tower.  It was the place To announce the new lunar year calendar on the first day of 10th lunar month every year.  a general return from battle, his captives would be offered on the ceremony.As known as victory ceremony of accepting captives of war.  The court beating also took place here.  The gate of super harmony.太和门。  During the ming and the qing dynasties, Here was the place where the emperor give his audience.The reason for the empire to hold his audience here is because the 3 main Halls behind the gate were burnt down caused by lightning less than a hundred days after it’s competition.  This one rebuilt in 1889.  The big Courtyard in front of the hall of supreme harmony .  The Marble terrace is eight meters high.  The hall of supreme harmony 太和殿  it’s the throne hall , known as the gold-throne.  this one rebuilt in 1695 finished in 1697.Only for the big ceremony ,like enthronement ceremony. The wedding ceremony and other big holiday.  This Hall is 35.5 meters high with double layer roof that represents the highest construction rank of all. the emperor’s thrones placed in the middle was made of sandalwood with 9 dragons carved on it and gilded.  The gilded caisson ceiling high above the throne with a magnificent sculpture of a curling dragon playing with a huge pear was called “xuanyuan jing’, representing orthodox succession .   This hall is supported by 72 big columns inside, In the old days, the traditional way of Chinese to calculated a room is that enclosed by four pills was treated as one room. so the hall can be said to have 55 rooms.  The hall of middle harmony.  The name of the building is mean of a impartial.  It’s a square-shaped home with a single roof.  This was the place where the emperor would take a short rest before he went to the whole of super harmony for grand ceremony.Sometimes the dress for rehearsals also took place here.  Every year before the emperor went to altars the temples, would receive and read the sacrificial address here.  According to the rule , the imperial genealogy should be revised every 10 years.  the hall of preserving harmony 保和殿  In the ming dynasty, before going to the grand ceremony in the hall of supreme harmony such as: confierring the title of the empress and the crown Prince. he would change into for Ceremonial Dress in this Hall . It was also the palace to have a Banquet to entertain the civil and military officials.  In the qing , emperor Gave a banquet on Chinese lunar new year eve.  To celebrate the princess’s Marriage the emperor would invite the bridegroom and his father here.  The imperial palace exam was hold here every 3 years in the qing,In the field of society, the highest level examination for the scholars was the palace exam.The imperial Examination. system in China Started in 587 sui Dynasty. (581-618)  It’s a typical architecture.No supporting pillers in it’s front part .  the palace of heavenly purity   the palce of union aqnd peace ,Center of the forbidden city.  The place of earthly tranquility  in qing dynasty ,western chamber became a place for offering sacrificial ceremony ,for the qing emperors attached great importance to worshipping the saman god , eastern chamber became the wedding chamber.。


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